Bur xxx

The "Bavarian" vote seems to have become attributed to the position of Pfalzgraf, both titles being held by Otto II Duke of Bavaria when he voted as such for the first time in 1237, but the process by which this occurred is far from clear.An additional vote was granted to Heinrich I Duke of Lower Bavaria in the 1273 election of King Rudolf I, as a practical solution to the opposition of Otakar II King of Bohemia.The power of the king in Germany came to depend increasingly on support from the German dukes in Bavaria, Carinthia, Franconia, Lotharingia, Saxony and Swabia.After the election of King Heinrich I in 919, the new monarch secured his position by negotiating what amounted to friendship treaties with the local dukes in Bavaria, Lotharingia and Swabia.The final composition of the electoral college thus evolved through a combination of ancient custom, temporary expediency and the personalities of particular princes and prelates.

The first formal statement concerning the number of electors is provided by Richard of Cornwall's submission to the papal enquiry which preceded the Papal Bull Qui Clum dated , which refers to seven electoral princes.At the same time, the centres of power fluctuated between the various families, depending on which held the most titles and property.During the 12th century, the old tribal provinces evolved into stable duchies, the succession to which became hereditary within the same families.The territory had been part of the Frankish empire founded in 800 by Emperor Charles I "Charlemagne" and ruled by his descendants until their extinction in the male line in 911.The Franks had been only one of a number of tribes living in the area now identified as Germany.

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In 831, he was also granted Thuringia, Saxony, Frisia and the northernmost lands west of the Rhine.

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