In 1914 a 'Middle Line' of defences was established across the Forth estuary, to protect an anchorage for warships between the line and the Forth Rail Bridge.
An anti-submarine net ran from Cramond Island to Inchmickery, to Inchcolm and to the Fife coast.
The island is in the estuary of the River Almond whose mouth is near the landward end of the crossing. Cramond Island is one of 43 tidal islands that can be walked to from the mainland of Great Britain and one of 17 that can be walked to from the Scottish mainland.
There is evidence to suggest that the island may have had special significance to the prehistoric peoples who lived along the coast of the Firth of Forth, as at least one stone burial cist was found.
The wonderful history of Florence lives on in Oltrarno, not only thanks to the so rich historical and artistic heritage, but also in the daily life: in the many restaurants and cafes mantaining the typical athmosphere, in the artisan workshops carrying on a century-old tradition of both spirit and working methods.
includes six sections, with many informations and pictures about the most interesting subjects: choose from the list below and start your tour!
Discover with us one of the most beautiful parts of Florence: the quarters "on the other side" of the Arno, Oltrarno.The three islands were armed with 14 x 12-pdr guns, two of which were mounted on Cramond.At the outbreak of World War II, Cramond Island, along with other islands in the Forth, was refortified and armed with two 12-pdr guns, and a modern 6-pdr twin equipment, designed specifically to tackle fast-moving torpedo boats.The Roman presence in Scotland was not particularly strong, but Cramond is one of the most archaeologically rich sites, along with Trimontium near Melrose.“The British Wool Society grazed sheep on the island in the 1790s and the land was farmed for many years until the last farmer, Peter Hogg, died in 1904.” and perhaps served as a fishing outpost as well.