Dating hoger opgeleid
Ethnically, the country is comprised of an Arab majority with a large number of Kurds as a second ethnic group.
Other groups include Armenians, Turkmen, and Assyrians.
The Arabic language permeated the region at this time. This line, which ruled from Baghdad, was less tolerant of religious differences.
A brief period of Egyptian domination was again replaced by Ottoman rule in 1840, but tensions were growing between the religious and ethnic groups of the region.
With the massacre of Christians by a Muslim mob in Damascus in 1860, Europe began to intervene more in the affairs of the moribund Ottoman Empire, establishing an autonomous district of Lebanon, but leaving Syria for the time under Ottoman control.
Syria continued to be ruled from Egypt during the fifteenth century by the Mameluk dynasty until 1516, when the Turkish Ottomans defeated Egypt and occupied all of ancient Syria. The Ottomans created four jurisdictional districts, each ruled by a governor: Damascus, Aleppo, Tripoli, and Sidon.
Early governors encouraged agriculture by their fiscal system, and cereals as well as cotton and silk were produced for export.