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Persian exports to Denmark include mainly carpets, dried fruits, and raw and semiprocessed materials. The first chair in Iranian philology was established at the University of Copenhagen in 1919, but Danish interest in Iranian studies in Denmark began in the 17th century, when Frederik III, duke of Gottorp, sent a delegation to Persia; the secretary was the German Adam Olearius (1603-71), who left a valuable description of the journey.Olearius arrived in Isfahan in August 1637; while there he learned Persian.Among Persian organizations and clubs the most active is the Anjoman-e Īrānīān (Persian society), which until December 1992 published the monthly journal (Immigrant).There is a good collection of Persian books in the “refugees’ library” administered by the Danish Ministry of social affairs, as well as large numbers of Persian books in municipal libraries in the major cities of Denmark. Danish-Persian economic relations essentially began with the construction of the Trans-Persian Railway by the Danish firm Kampsax.Because of the difficult mountainous terrain to be crossed the work crew of 55,000 men also had to construct 250 tunnels and 550 bridges. As an oil-exporting country, Persia maintained a favorable balance of trade with Denmark for many years.Despite limited available resources, this project was completed in five and a half years, one of the most successful ever carried out in Persia (Boisen, 1946; idem, 1965, pp. From the early 1960s Danish exports to Persia also increased, as Persian oil revenues permitted significant increases in imports from Western countries. POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, AND CULTURAL RELATIONS Danish-Persian relations have been concentrated in three main areas: politics and diplomacy; trade and other economic relations; and Iranian studies in Denmark, including collections of Persian art in Danish museums. In 1937 archeological excavation on a farm in Jutland led to the discovery of two Sasanian coins, one of Pērōz (459-84) and the other of Ḵosrow I (531-79), part of a hoard found in a vase.The circumstances in which these coins reached Denmark are not yet certain ( see Welin; COMMERCE iv; a fragment found more recently is in the Royal coin and medallion collection; Anne Kromann, personal communication).
According to trade statistics for 1990, Danish agricultural exports amounted to 446 million kroner, industrial exports to 419 million, and other commodities to 17 million.After the failure of an American firm to complete the railroad over a number of years the Persian government signed a contract with Kampsax in 1312 Š./1933 for the construction of more than 1,000 kilometers of track between Bandar-e Šāhpūr in the south and Bandar-e-Šāh on the Caspian coast.The projected cost was about 600 million tomans (0 million), and the railroad was to be completed in six years.The Persian community in Denmark numbered 8,800 people in 1993 (, Copenhagen, 1993, p.59), mainly students in universities and other institutions of higher learning but also writers, poets, film producers, artists, and musicians.