Orthodox christain dating
Except for national churches, such as the Armenian, the indigenous communities are predominantly Arabic-speaking; most of them, very likely, descendants of the early Christian communities of the Byzantine period.The Orthodox Church (also termed Eastern or Greek-Orthodox Church) consists of a family of Churches all of which acknowledge the honorary primacy of the Patriarch of Constantinople.Historically, this Church developed from the Churches of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire.The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate considers itself to be the Mother Church of Jerusalem, to whose bishop patriarchal dignity was granted by the Council of Chalcedon in 451. However, in 1964 a historic meeting between Pope Paul VI and the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Athenagoras, was held in Jerusalem.The non-Chalcedonian churches hold the Monophysite doctrine that in Christ there was but a single, divine nature.The Armenian Orthodox Church dates from the year 301 and the conversion of Armenia, the first nation to embrace Christianity.The Coptic Orthodox Church has its roots in Egypt, where most of the population became Christian during the first centuries. The community flourished during the Mamluk period (1250-1517), and again with Mohammed Ali in 1830.
Since this date the local Church has been entirely gentile in composition.Such visits continued over the next 900 years, eventually growing into the great annual pilgrimages of the late 19th century, which continued until World War I, and ended with the Russian Revolution.Since 1949, title to Russian church properties in what was by then the territory of Israel has been held by the Russian Orthodox Mission (Patriarchate of Moscow); title to properties in areas then under Jordanian control remains with the Russian Ecclesiastical Mission representing the Russian Orthodox Church in Exile.It is led by an archimandrite and consists of a small community of monks and nuns resident in Jerusalem.The Non-Chalcedonian churches are churches of the East - Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian and Syrian - that rejected the teaching of the Council of Chalcedon (451) on the double (divine and human) nature of Christ.
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The community numbers just over 1,000 members-in Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Nazareth.