Quran alone dating
The complete text resided only in the memories of Muahmmad and his followers.As he added verses and reorganized the text, his followers would rememorize the text in the light of the additions or edits.
Certain verses revealed to Muhammad were later repudiated by him as "satanic" verses revealed not by Gabriel but by Satan.'Uthman, however, relied on two sources: the written text that had been ordered by Abu Bakr and that still existed, and the various oral texts of Muslims who memorized it during the lifetime of Muhammad.In Islamic history, there is no variation between these two sources, so the Uthmanic "rescension" is largely a codifying of a single version of a text.Typically, revelation would put Muhammad in a trance-like state.He, and others, would memorize the revealed verses and, under the guidance of Gabriel, Muhammad organized these verses into the existing surahs.
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Until 'Uthman, one and only one written text existed.